Friday, May 22, 2020
Thursday, May 7, 2020
An American Economy Globalization is a very pressing issue in the American culture today. Within any economy, globalization will cause many problems while at the same time solving many others. This is true because there are many factors involved with globalization, one of the most important being job outsourcing. While at first glance and from what the media reports, job outsourcing is definitely not healthy for the economy. However on upon closer inspection, the reverse may be true. Job outsourcing, though initially stressing on the workforce, is helpful in creating a strong economy. Job outsourcing creates an initial job loss to the area in which it concerns. This happens because in a global economy, the idea is to move onesÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The media and politicians attacked IBM for its un-American policies, the other event was IBMÃ¢â¬â¢s high second quarter profits that allowed for a one-third reduction to their lay-offs. Though that may not seem like a big deal, it is considering that when they announced their 5,000 layoffs, they also announced their addition of 5,000 other American jobs to the payroll. No one heard their second announcement through all the fuss over the companies outsourcing. With that taken into consideration however, IBM actually increased the number of American workers, making a healthier economy. The attack of the media and politicians on IBM is not even close to new. Any company with plans to cut costs by moving jobs over seas is seen as an evil monster creating a permanent job loss. The permanent job loss is an idea that has been around for some time. In the eighties and early nineties, there was a lot of doubt over our economies ability to recover from the departure of our manufacturing jobs. Then, starting in the mid to late nineties was the panic over e-commerce and dot.com companies destroying old economy jobs. The fact is, our economy is always changing and there will always be a permanent loss of jobs. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s what happened when the US changed from an agricultural economy to an industrial one and from an industrial one to a technological one. Now it is happening again as we change from a mostly local economy to a very global one. In order to keep theShow MoreRelatedAmerican Economy Essay1499 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe American Economy is the most dominant economy in the world and has been one that many countries have tried to replicate. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s take a look at how the American Economy is so dominant and why. There are many important numbers to bas e an economy off of, however, we are only going to look into some of the most vital numbers that really illustrate why the United States is the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s leading economy. These numbers consist of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which is the total amount of goods and servicesRead MoreSlavery And The American Economy1284 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswas a legal institution in which humans were legally considered property of another. In the 18th century, new ideas of human rights and freedom emerged out of the European Enlightenment stretching across the Americas and Europe. By the era of the American Revolution, the belief that slavery was wrong and would ultimately have to be abolished was widespread, in both the Americas and northern Europe. However, the southern states of the United States believed that slavery is essential to their way ofRead MorePolitical Economy And Its Impact On The American Economy2306 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages Political economy is defined by how political policies and economic processes work together to influence society. It encompasses the notion that political systems influence economic systems and vice-versa. 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The type of employment and intangible class ra nking visibly defined the lifestyles familiesRead MoreThe Future Of The American Economy926 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe future of the American economy rests heavily on the millennial generationÃ¢â¬â¢s shoulders. This generation (ages 16-36) is AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s next work force, politicians, CEOs, parents, soldiers, writers, and teachers. But, does this generation possess the stamina, grit and patience upon which our ancestors depended so greatly? The millennial generationÃ¢â¬â¢s demand for instant gratification implies that they are not capable of providing our nation with the stability it so desperately needs. Roberts summarizesRead MoreOverview of the American Economy2360 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe American Economy Introduction Throughout American history, the role of the government in the economy has been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because there are conflicting views about their responsibilities in these areas. As they are one component, that will have an impact on growth and the ability of private enterprises to expand. Yet, limiting their amounts of influence has always been a critical factor with many firms claiming that they can overregulate different areas.Read MoreAfrican American Economy : African Americans909 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAfrican American Economy The unemployment rate in the African American community is higher than any other group in American society. Institutionalized racism and unequal education opportunities have contributed to the unemployment rate. There are various reasons why the unemployment rate is greater in the African American communities. Consequently, Blacks are attaining higher education at a rate lower than other groups in society, and lack opportunities in the workforce. These are just two of theRead MoreEssay about The American Economy1358 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe American Economy The American economy is a vibrant, free-market system that is constantly developing out of the choices and decisions made by millions of citizens who play multiple, often overlapping roles as consumers, producers, investors and voters. The changes in the organization and performances of the manufacturing industry over the last century have helped shape the American economy. The Automotive industry perhaps made the biggest changes to their manufacturing processes. I willRead MoreGambling Effects On The American Economy1671 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGambling Effects on the American Economy American people like games and entertainment, and one of these games is gambling. According to crops online, a gambling website (2009), gambling is classified as an old game taking place in China back around 2300 B.C. Then around 100 D.C., King of Norway and King of Sweden resolved the District of Hising property by using two dice. In the Mediterranean countries, the deck of card was developed, and especially the French altered the deck by pulling out a manRead MoreImpact of Reaganomics on the American Economy 1014 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesportmanteau for Ã¢â¬Ëstagnant economyÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëhigh inflationÃ¢â¬â¢. Characterized by high taxes, high unemployment, high interest rates, and low national spirit, America needed to look to something other than Keynesian economics to pull itself out of this low. During the election of 1980, Ronald ReaganÃ¢â¬â¢s campaign focused on a new stream of economic policy. His objective was to turn the economy into Ã¢â¬Å"a healthy, vigorous, gr owing economy [which would provide] equal opportunities for all Americans, with no barriers born
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
OVERCOMING FOREIGN LANGUAGE ANXIETY By Saranda Nuredini Instructor: Luiza Zeqiri Course: ESP Communication I January 2012 Ã¢â¬Å"Sweaty palms, shaking hands, dry mouth and muscle tension mean for many of us, that we are about to speak in public. Couple this fear of speaking in public with performing or speaking in another language and the success of the speaker may be dramatically compromisedÃ¢â¬ (Leigh, 2009). By having to speak in a foreign language, the amount of fear in us grows and transforms into the feeling of anxiety, which is scientifically named as a Foreign Language Anxiety (FLA). We will write a custom essay sample on Overcoming Foreign Language Anxiety or any similar topic only for you Order Now The fear of dealing in a foreign language environment is most felt when a student must perform orally in some way but it can also occur when listening, reading or writing (Brantmeier, 2005). FLA has been the subject of many scholarly surveys and papers as overcoming it can lead to better and faster language acquisition as well as a much more pleasurable learning experience (Guess, 2007). Between one third and one half of second language learners suffer from FLA (Von Worde, 2003; Randall 2007) and it is important to be aware that many of these students have not come up with a way to deal with their anxiety (Hauck Hurd, 1991). This research paper aims to outline the causes and effects of FLA as well as the ways that help overcoming it. Despite the fact that Foreign Language Anxiety has been proven to be the main concern to the modern teaching environment, a progress has been noticed at the development of the overcoming strategies. The overcoming foreign language anxiety process includes strategies that can be implemented by the teacher, a tutor and the students. The causes of this kind of anxiety vary from the student itself. According to the article Ã¢â¬Å"Factors Associated with Foreign Language AnxietyÃ¢â¬ , there are variables like age, previous academic success or previous high school experience with foreign languages which may contribute to the fear of learning a foreign language (Leigh, 2009). Nevertheless, the most common causes according to Ph. D. Renee Von Worde (2003) are the non-comprehension of the target language, speaking activities during language class and the public error correction by the teacher. Moreover, it is interesting to note that FLA occurs more commonly in mandatory language classes. This is because students who are not language inclined are Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËforcedÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ to take them (Guess, 1997). Feeling insecure about the knowledge at a certain foreign language can have drastic side effects for the foreign language student. The extreme stress, the beating heart or clammy hands are the most common ones. There may also appear problems with attainment, preservation and production in the foreign language (Von Worde, 2003). According to Professor Von Worde (2003), Ã¢â¬Å"If anxiety impairs cognitive function, students who are anxious may learn less and also may not be able to demonstrate what they have learned. Therefore, they may experience even more failure, which in turn escalates their anxietyÃ¢â¬ . In extreme cases, the student may even not show up to classes just to avoid speaking (Von Worde, 2003). If we could find and isolate what it is that makes us nervous, we could increase our learning abilities and have a more enjoyable learning experience (Leigh, 2009). Ideally, teachers can provide a learning environment that may reduce the fear associated with learning another language for their students (Guess, 1997; Von Worde, 2003). However, not only the teacher can help to the overcoming foreign language anxiety process. The question remains how someone can overcome their fears in language learning to develop language skills to their full potential (Leigh, 2009). There are implementable ways that beside the teachers, the tutor and the students themselves can use to reduce the anxiety and insecurity they feel. The methods and the behavior of a language teacher during language classes play a significant role at the development of a student speaking confidence. There are several things that a teacher may do to decrease anxiety felt in the classroom according to Von Worde (2003): * Pick topics to teach that are relevant to the students. * Try and make the learning Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËfunÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢. * Try to create a sense of community where the students feel more comfortable in front of each other. One suggestion made was to have the students sit in a circle. * Avoid calling on people or putting them on the spot. Besides the above mentioned suggestions, a teacher can take the initiative to create a Ã¢â¬Å"mistake happy zoneÃ¢â¬ . Teachers can avoid correcting students during certain sections of the day (e. g. for 30 minutes we will talk amongst ourselves). In this way, students do not need to fear working on perfect grammar, but rather they can just talk without feeling judged. This allows students to get a feel for fluency and letting go (Leigh, 2009). A tutor can also be very helpful to its students when it comes to overcoming those language obstacles. By judging of the state of its student, a tutor has the freedom to choose which of the above mentioned suggestions will be used during the overcoming process. Although there may not be a classroom of students to whom the tutor is teaching, the one-on-one environment allows a greater sense of intimacy and a safer atmosphere (Leigh, 2009). Alongside to the teachers and tutors effort, the most significant role still remains the one from the student itself. According to Amanda Leigh, a student should take the following recommendations in action to Ã¢â¬Å"boost their self-confidence in speaking, reading and writing a languageÃ¢â¬ : * Be aware of Foreign Language Anxiety- Knowing that you are not alone in feeling self-conscious or afraid of speaking in a foreign language is half the battle (Von Worde, 2003). Fear of speaking in front of people is normal and so is performing in another language, even if it is just with your friends. * Set 4 or 5 SMART (specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, timely) language goals for yourself in your academic term- Attach numbers to your learning so that you can see your improvement. Make measurable goals and make sure that they are realistic. Do some research to see what level you should be at by end of your term in a different country. Do not expect to be bilingual on your return to your home country. Be prepared- If you are prepared for your class or presentation then you will feel more confident in front of people. Feeling more prepared makes you feel relaxed which allows for better communication and language skills (Guess, 2007). Prepare by going over your work or presentation at least twice reading, then at least twice out loud. Get someone to help proofread. * Maintain a positive attitude- Even though it may seem hard, try and have a positive attitude. Happy people will learn faster and have a more pleasurable learning experience (Bayer, 2004). Smile. Make native speakers aware that you are happy to be corrected. * Do some research- Find out how other students handle their anxiety. Many of their suggestions may work for you. Look online or ask around. Alter their strategies so they work for you. By adopting some of these suggestions, there is a chance that a student will personally begin to overcome their foreign language learning fears. Students may choose to adopt one of these strategies and tailor it towards their needs until they find something that works for them (Leigh, 2009). To sum up, Foreign Language Anxiety has been labeled as an issue that should not be ignored and should be handled carefully. Therefore, the overcoming FLA process includes effort that should be made from the students as well as from the teachers and tutors. This will not only help students to overcome their fear and anxiety, but will also enable language teachers and tutors to reach a higher progress at their subject. In my opinion, the main goal of the overcoming progress should be to create a comfortable teaching environment where a speaking accent or grammar mistake will not mean the end of the world. As Guess claims, Ã¢â¬Å"the trick is to convince the students that discomfort is a good thing- thatÃ¢â¬â¢s when the real learning process will begin. Ã¢â¬ . References Bayer, R. (2004). Benefits of happiness; Upper Bay Counseling and Support Services, Inc. Retrieved Jan 03, 2012, from: http://www. upperbay. org/articles/benefits%20of%20happiness. pdf . Brantmeier, C. (2005). Anxiety about L2 reading or L2 reading tasks. A study with advanced language learners. The Reading Matrix. Vol. 5, No. 2. Retrieved Jan. , 2012, from:http://74. 125. 95. 132/search? q=cache:4pmdX6G7bwJ:www. readingmatrix. com/articles/brantmeier/article4. df+reading+matrix. +2005+Foreign+Language+Anxietyhl=enct=clnkcd=1gl=ca Guess, A. (1997, June). Overcoming Language Anxiety. Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved Jan. , 2012, from http://www. insidehighered. com/news/2007/06/29/language. Hauck, M. Hurd, S. (1991). Exploring the link between language anxiety and learner self-management in open language learning context s. European Journal of Open, Distance and E- learning. Retrieved Jan 05, 2012, from: http://www. eurodl. org/materials/contrib/2005/Mirjam_Hauck. htm. Randall, K. (2007). Words fail me. The University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved Jan. 06, How to cite Overcoming Foreign Language Anxiety, Essays
Monday, April 27, 2020
Nhs Acceptance Essay The standards for entrance into the National Honor Society are scholarship, leadership, character, and service. Through this paper I will strive to prove that I possess all of these qualities, and moreover, that I am qualified for entrance into an organization as prestigious as the National Honor Society. Over the past four years as a scholar, I believe that I have demonstrated all of these characteristics. That I have the scholarly ability required to be a NHS member is indicated simply by the fact that I was nominated for entrance into the NHS in the first place, though since I get the impression that more than this is required, I will point out that I have consistently made the honor roll every quarter during my years in both High- and Middle-school. Also, my involvement in the school's ?Jets TEAMS? (Test of Engineering Aptitude, Mathematics, and Science) team during my Junior year functions as an indicator of my scholarship. Jets TEAMS is an intense, annual competition in which schools send 8 of their strongest students to compete against other schools in a nationwide contest. During my Junior year I was fortunate enough to be selected as one of the eight students (only 3 of whom were Juniors) who would go to the competition, and through our team's efforts, we were able to come in first in the state of Connecticut, earning recognition not just for ourselves, but for the town of Gran by as well. Through my involvement in Jets TEAMS and my solid academic record, I feel that I have demonstrated the scholarship required for entrance into the National Honor Society. It is difficult to narrow things down to a single situation in which I have demonstrated leadership qualities to the extent that is required for entrance into the NHS, but for the purposes of this paper (and the sake of brevity), I will focus on my past involvement in the ?People to People: Student Ambassador Program.? People to People is a nationally recognized organization which sends groups of American students to foreign countries where they can learn about another culture by experiencing it firsthand. Their itinerary also stresses the development of leadership skills and the importance of teamwork. Through my involvement in this program, aside from learning a lot about a foreign culture (I traveled to Australia for 3 weeks), I also learned a great deal about the responsibilities and obligations that go along with being a leader. Shortly after the start of the trip, I was nominated to be one of three ?Student Delegation Leaders.? As a delegation leader it was my job to help organ ize group activities and meetings, as well as to find and help resolve any conflicts between individual delegation members. Through my time spent as a delegation leader, I learned a lot about the compromise, fairness, and responsibility that are required if one is be a ?good? leader of others. I often found myself having to sacrifice my own free time and personal desires for the benefit of the group. This, I believe, is the most important part of being a leader, the ability to sacrifice some of the things you want for the overall gain of the people that you are leading. I have also learned a lot about the role a leader must play in group/team dynamics through my involvement in the Granby Tennis Team. I won't elaborate on this point, however, as this paragraph is already becoming monstrous in scope. Service is the quality of NHS members which I have the hardest time finding an example for. I have never been involved in community service in the ?traditional? sense. I have, however, acted as web-master of a fairly popular website of my own creation in the past, and many parallels can be drawn between this and community service. The website that I had (during my Junior year) was entitled ?Definitive MP3,? and it contained general as well as in depth technical information on Digital Audio (MP3), related software programs which visitors could download, and a section where people could find technical support for the software programs. I myself would be online for several hours each day to personally answer and address specific
Thursday, March 19, 2020
British Culture and Society Essay Example British Culture and Society Essay British Culture and Society Essay r PREPARATIONS FOR BRITISH CULTURE AND SOCIETY 1. The features of the United KingdomÃ¢â¬â¢s culture The culture of the United Kingdom is rich and varied, and has been influential on culture on a worldwide scale. It is a European state, and has many cultural links with its former colonies, particularly those that use the English language. The origins of the UK as a political union of formerly independent states has resulted in the preservation of distinctive cultures in each of the home nations. Britains culture and creativity is flourishing as never before, whether in creative industries such as advertising, music and film, or in the visual and performing arts. Like the US, Britain is proud of its multicultural heritage and diversity. Multicultural Britain with different communities has helped build todays vibrant Britain and contributed to its economic, social, democratic and cultural development. 2. The sociological issues in the United Kingdom Housing The United Kingdom has one of the highest population densities in Europe. Housing tends to be smaller and more closely packed than in other countries, particularly compared to North America. In modern Britain more detached housing has started to be built, most beginning in the mid-nineties. Demographic changes are putting great pressure on the housing market, especially in London and the South East. Living arrangements In the 20th century, the general trend is a rise in single people living alone, the virtual extinction of the extended family (outside certain ethnic minority communities), and the nuclear family reducing in prominence. From the 1990s, the break up of the traditional family unit, when combined with a low interest rate environment and other demographic changes, has created great pressure on the housing market. In the 21st century young people are tending to continue to live in the parental home for much longer than their predecessors. Sport The national sport of the UK is football, having originated in England, and the UK has the oldest football clubs in the world. A great number of major sports originated in the United Kingdom, including: Football (soccer), squash, golf, tennis, boxing, rugby (rugby union and rugby league), cricket, snooker, billiards, badminton and curling. National costume There is no specifically British national costume. Even individually, England, Wales and Northern Ireland have only vestiges of a national costume; Scotland has the kilt and Tam oshanter. In England certain military uniforms such as the Beefeater or the Queens Guard are considered to be symbolic of Englishness, though they are not official national costumes. Morris dancers or the costumes for the traditional English May dance are cited by some as examples of traditional English costume. Naming convention The naming convention in most of the United Kingdom is for everyone to have a given name, usually (but not always) indicating the childs sex, followed by a parents family name. This naming convention has remained much the same since the 15th century in England although patronymic naming remained in some of the further reaches of the other home nations until much later. Since the 19th century middle names have become very common and are often taken from the family name of an ancestor. Traditionally given names were largely taken from the Bible; however, in the Gothic Revival of the Victorian era, Anglo Saxon and mythical names became commonplace. Since the middle of the 20th century however given names have been influenced by a much wider cultural base. 3. The differences in Driving between Commonwealth and American Culture The first thing to be considered is that fact that Americans drive on the RIGHT and in the Commonwealth you drive on the LEFT. Now if that isnÃ¢â¬â¢t confusing enough, even the road markings are opposite. In America YELLOW lines signify the center of the road and white the edge while exactly the opposite occurs in most Commonwealth countries. In the USA, highways are VERY specific in how you refer to them. For example, the 635 is pronounced the Ã¢â¬Å"six thirty-fiveÃ¢â¬ and NOT the Ã¢â¬Å"six three fiveÃ¢â¬ or the Ã¢â¬Å"six hundred and thirty fiveÃ¢â¬ . Highways in Commonwealth countries generally begin with a N for national (e. g. N3) meaning they traverse the entire country or M for motorway (e. . M25) meaning they traverse only through or around a city (the M25 is a circular highway around London). Or R for route. There is a very good reason behind the highway marking system in the USA. Highways marked Ã¢â¬Å"USÃ¢â¬ (i. e. the famous US 66), the lower numbers start in the northeast and get higher as they move southwest. However, for highways marked Interstate (such as I-75 going from Michig an to Florida), lower numbers start in the southwest, with road numbers getting higher as they go to the northwest. This was to help prevent confusion and overlapping numbering, as the Interstate highway system was created after many Ã¢â¬Å"US-##Ã¢â¬ highways had been created 4. The approaches to deal with immigrant groups and their cultures In dealing with immigrant groups and their cultures, there are essentially four approaches: Monoculturalism: In some European states, culture is very closely linked to nationalism, thus government policy is to assimilate immigrants, although recent increases in migration have led many European states to experiment with forms of multiculturalism. Leitkultur (core culture): A model developed in Germany by Bassam Tibi. The idea is that minorities can have an identity of their own, but they should at least support the core concepts of the culture on which the society is based. Melting Pot: In the United States, the traditional view has been one of a melting pot where all the immigrant cultures are mixed and amalgamated without state intervention. Multiculturalism: A policy that immigrants and others should preserve their cultures with the different cultures interacting peacefully within one nation. 5. The Features of Culture Culture: is a shared, learned, symbolic system of values, beliefs and attitudes that shapes and influences perception and behavior: standards of beauty. 7) Internalized. Habitual. Taken-for-granted. Perceived as natural. 6. Difference in Drinking between Commonwealth and American Culture. The first drinking difference to consider is the legal age to drink. In the USA it is 21, while in all Commonwealth countries it is only 18! While in Canada some provinces are 19 and some are 18. Bars in Britain traditionally closed at 11 p. m. by law while in the USA they close at 2 a. m. by law. England has recently passed a new law that allows late night drinking, so some bars are now open until the wee hours. Bars in Australia and South Africa vary considerably. In Britain, beers (ales or bitter), are served warmer than in America! Ales (as opposed to lagers) are served at cellar temperature which is below room temperature, but definitely not chilled chilled bitter is tasteless (as is a lot of lager at whatever temperature) but warm bitter is foul (but not as foul as warm lager! . The reason is simple: beer should be served at the temperature that it ferments at ales are fermented at a slightly higher temperature than lagers.. This applied to English ales and bitters, but not to foreign lager or beer, which is always chilled. In the USA beers are chilled to almost freezing point. Drinking bitters and ales is an English practice that has not been extended to the rest of the Commonwealth. Countries like Australia and South Africa serve mostly locally made lagers, well chilled. In America, beers are mostly served in the bottle (even by 5 star hotels). They will wrap a paper napkin (serviette) around the bottle to soak condensation. Up market hotels in the Commonwealth would frown at a patron requesting to drink straight from the bottle. Australia is metric, therefore a nip of alcohol is 30ml. In the US, a nip is 1 fl ounce which is quite a lot larger. One of our contributors worked in a bar at an up market hotel in Australia and had regular arguments with US clients who insisted she was short-pouring them! 7. The science and technology in the United Kingdom Science and technology in the United Kingdom has a long history, producing many important figures and developments in the field. Major theorists from the UK include Isaac Newton whose laws of motion and illumination of gravity have been seen as a keystone of modern science and Charles Darwin whose theory of evolution by natural selection was fundamental to the development of modern biology. Major scientific discoveries include hydrogen by Henry Cavendish, penicillin by Alexander Fleming, and the structure of DNA, by Francis Crick and others. Major engineering projects and applications pursued by people from the UK include the steam locomotive developed by Richard Trevithick and Andrew Vivian, the jet engine by Frank Whittle and the World Wide Web by Tim Berners-Lee. Scientists from the UK continue to play a major role in the development of science and technology and major technological sectors include the aerospace, motor and pharmaceutical industries. England and Scotland were leading centres of the Scientific Revolution from the 17th century and the United Kingdom led the Industrial Revolution from the 18th century, and has continued to produce scientists and engineers credited with important advances. Scientific research and development remains important in British universities, with many establishing science parks to facilitate production and co-operation with industry. Between 2004 and 2008 the UK produced 7% of the worlds scientific research papers and had an 8% share of scientific citations, the third- and second-highest in the world (after the United States and China and the United States respectively). 8. The Three Elements of Culture Another common way of understanding culture is to see it as consisting of three elements: values, norms, and artifacts [Dictionary of Modern Sociology, 1969, 93] Values are ideas about what in life is important. They guide the rest of the culture. Norms are expectations of how people will behave in different situations. Each culture has different methods, called sanctions, of enforcing its norms. Sanctions vary with the importance of the norm; norms that a society enforces formally are called laws. Artifacts - things, or material culture - derive from the cultures values and norms. 9. The cause to the change in Culture? Three kinds of influence cause both change and resistance to it: +forces at work within a society +contact between societies +changes in the natural environment. Cultural change can come about due to the environment, to inventions (and other internal influences), and to contact with other cultures. For example, the end of the last ice age helped lead to the invention of agriculture, which in its turn brought about many cultural innovations. 10. A snapshot of the United Kingdom: The United Kingdom, constitutional monarchy in northwestern Europe, is officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Great Britain is the largest island in the cluster of islands, or archipelago, known as the British Isles. England is the largest and most populous division of the island of Great Britain, making up the south and east. Wales is on the west and Scotland is to the north. Northern Ireland is located in the northeast corner of Ireland, the second largest island in the British Isles. The capital of the United Kingdom is the city of London, situated near the southeastern tip of England. The United Kingdom is a small nation in physical size. At 244,110 sq km (94,251 sq mi), the United Kingdom is roughly the size of Oregon or Colorado, or twice the size of New York State. It is located as far north in latitude as Labrador in North America, but, like the rest of northern Europe, it is warmed by the Gulf Stream flowing out of the North Atlantic Ocean. The climate, in general, is mild, chilly, and often wet. Rain or overcast skies can be expected for up to 300 days per year. These conditions make Britain lush and green, with rolling plains in the south and east and rough hills and mountains to the west and north. Despite its relatively small size, Britain is highly populated, with an estimated population density of 251 persons per sq km (650 per sq mi) in 2006. It is highly developed economically, preeminent in the arts and sciences, sophisticated in technology, and highly prosperous and peaceful. In general, British subjects belong to one of the more affluent states of Europe and enjoy a high standard of living compared to the rest of the world.
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
How to Make Homemade Slime (Classic Recipe) There are lots of recipes for slime. Which one you choose depends on the ingredients you have and the type of slime you want. This is a simple, reliable recipe that produces classic slime. Tip Store your slime in a zip-lock bag in the fridge to prevent it from developing mold! What You Need to Make Slime Borax powderWater4 ounce (120 ml) glue (e.g., Elmers white glue)TeaspoonBowlJar or measuring cupFood coloring (optional)Measuring cup How to Make Slime Pour the glue into the jar. If you have a big bottle of glue, you want 4 oz or 1/2 cup of glue.Fill the empty glue bottle with water and stir it into the glue (or add 1/2 cup of water).If desired, add food coloring. Otherwise, the slime will be an opaque white.In a separate, mix one cup (240 ml) of water into the bowl and add 1 teaspoon (5 ml) of borax powder.Slowly stir the glue mixture into the bowl of borax solution.Place the slime that forms into your hands and knead until it feels dry. Dont worry about the excess water remaining in the bowl.The more the slime is played with, the firmer and less sticky it will become.Have fun! Playing with homemade slime. Welcome to buy my photos/Getty Images How Slime Works Slime is a type of non-Newtonian fluid. In a Newtonian fluid, viscosity (ability to flow) is only affected by temperature. Typically, if you cool a fluid down, it flows more slowly. In a non-Newtonian fluid, other factors besides temperature affect viscosity. Slime viscosity changes according to pressure and shear stress. So, if you squeeze or stir slime, it will flow differently than if you let it slide through your fingers. Slime is an example of a polymer. The white glue used in the classic slime recipe is also a polymer. The long polyvinyl acetate molecules in glue allow it to flow from the bottle. When polyvinyl acetate reacts with the sodium tetraborate decahydrate in borax, protein molecules in the glue and borate ions form cross-links. The polyvinyl acetate molecules cant slip past each other so readily, forming the goo we know as slime. Tips for Slime Success Use white glue, such as Elmers brand. You may also make slime using the clear or translucent school glue. If you use white glue, you get opaque slime. If you use a translucent glue, you get translucent slime.If you cant find borax, you can substitute contact lens solution for the borax and water solution. Contact lens solution is buffered with sodium borate, so its basically a pre-made mixture of the key slime ingredients. Dont believe internet tales that contact solution slime is borax-free slime! Its not. If borax is a problem, consider making slime using a truly borax-free recipe.Dont eat the slime. Although it isnt especially toxic, it is not good for you either! Similarly, dont let your pets eat the slime. While boron in borax isnt considered an essential nutrient for humans, it actually is an important element for plants. Dont feel bad if a bit of slime falls into the garden.Slime cleans up easily. Remove dried slime after soaking with water. If you used food coloring, you may need bleach to remove the color. Feel free to jazz up the basic slime recipe. The cross-linking that holds the polymer together also helps slime hold mix-ins. Add tiny polystyrene beads to make the slime more like floam. Add pigment powder to add color or to make the slime glow under black light or in the dark. Stir in a bit of glitter. Mix in a few drops of fragrance oil to make the slime smell good. You can add a bit of color theory by dividing the slime into two or more chunks, coloring them differently, and watching how they mix. You can even make magnetic slime by adding some iron oxide powder as an ingredient. (Avoid magnetic slime for very young children, because it contains iron and theres a risk they might eat it.)Ive gotÃ a YouTube video of the slime showing what you will get if you use glue gel rather than white glue. Either type of glue works well.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Abu-Dhabi City Using GIS Techniques - Essay Example While agencies are conventionally linked with catching the criminals after the crime, they are also tasked with preventing crimes before they happen (Dressler, 2002). To do this, Police not only take active measures but also use intelligence gathering and data to develop strategies. Traditionally, resources have always been limited and impeccably utilizing this data has been questioned. Collecting actual information from different sources is the prime responsibility of any intelligence organization. Although different tools of technical devices are in operation in gathering information, to me, these are inadequate and as a consequence, we are not able to pre-empt the impending danger of criminal activities. Main issues posing hurdles in identifying the ensuing possibility of any danger lies in (a) effective information sources (b) coordination (c) timely actionable information/intelligence (d) quick decision makers, etc. The only effective way to combat criminal activities is the ado ption of high-end Technologies. This would definitely act as force multipliers; improve in decision-making not only in police organizations but also in other government agencies. One solution to this is the use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for crime analysis (Chainey and Ratcliffe, 2005). A Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a blend of computer technologies that incorporate huge databases of spatial data and provides a display and query interface for constructing and analyzing spatial relationships. GIS utilizes both geography and computer-generated maps as an interface for incorporating and assessing huge amounts of location-based information.Ã